Eardrum repair or tympanoplasty is the process of clearing the inflammation in the middle ear and correcting the eardrum and hearing system in the middle ear. Only the repair of the hole in the eardrum is called myringoplasty, and the repair of the ossicular system in the middle ear with sound membrane is called tympanoplasty, and the removal of inflammation in the mastoid bone is called mastoidectomy.
The eardrum is a thin tissue that separates the outer ear from the middle ear. The main task of the eardrum is to provide hearing. The second task of the eardrum is to protect the middle ear. In the case of perforation of the eardrum, the eardrum cannot perform these tasks completely. The eardrum may be an innate hole, or it may be perforated or ruptured for reasons such as traumas, foreign bodies or infection. In such cases, the eardrum needs to be repaired.
The technique to be selected for tympanic surgery depends on the size of the tear, the location of the tear, the structure of the ear canal, the condition of the patient, and whether or not a procedure is performed on the mastoid bone during surgery.